Ciano, Galeazzo

   The son of one of Benito Mussolini’s intimate advisors, Galeazzo Ciano married Edda, the only daughter of the Duce and his favorite child. His fortunes in party and government circles quickly rose. By 1936, he had been made a count as well as foreign secretary, a post that he retained until February 1943. In some interpretations, while the war in Ethiopia was meant to assuage the wounds remaining from Italy’s 1896 humiliation at Adowa, the “crusade” in Spain to assist Franco was desired by Count Ciano and his circle of younger Fascists similarly to prove their mettle. In the Fascist Grand Councilmeeting of 25 July 1943, Ciano was among those supporting the resolution to put the armed forces under royal control, thereby ending Mussolini’s role. Significantly, neither the police nor the militia intervened to prevent this coup, and Fascism’s founder was imprisoned at Gran Sasso. After Mussolini’s liberation by German paratroopers and subsequent installation at Salo, the Duce had Ciano and a dozen others arrested, tried, and executed by a firing squad, prompting Winston Churchill’s comment that his admiration for Mussolini had grown the moment that “he had his sonin-law shot.” Perhaps Ciano’s major contribution to posterity was the diary that he kept beginning in 1936. Parts had been secreted away by Edda, who made them available to publishers after the war. Their account of Ciano’s steadily growing doubts about Mussolini’s mental stability have proved an important source for historians.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ciano, Galeazzo, conte di Cortellazzo — ▪ Italian diplomat born March 18, 1903, Livorno, Italy died Jan. 11, 1944, Verona       Italian statesman and diplomat who became one of the key figures in the Fascist regime of Benito Mussolini (Mussolini, Benito) after his marriage to Mussolini …   Universalium

  • Ciano, Galeazzo, count di Cortellazzo — born March 18, 1903, Livorno, Italy died Jan. 11, 1944, Verona Italian politician. He took part in the fascists March on Rome and later entered the diplomatic corps. After marrying Benito Mussolini s daughter Edda in 1930, he became minister of… …   Universalium

  • Ciano, Galeazzo, conde de Cortellazzo — (18 mar. 1903, Livorno, Italia–11 ene. 1944, Verona). Político italiano. Participó en la marcha sobre Roma de los fascistas y después ingresó al cuerpo diplomático. Tras casarse en 1930 con Edda, hija de Benito Mussolini, se convirtió en ministro …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Galeazzo Ciano Graf von Cortellazzo — Galeazzo Ciano Gian Galeazzo Ciano, Graf von Cortellazzo und Buccari (* 18. März 1903 in Livorno; † 11. Januar 1944 in Verona) war italienischer Politiker und Diplomat. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Galeazzo Ciano — with Józef Beck, 1939. Gian Galeazzo Ciano, 2nd Count of Cortellazzo and Buccari (18 March 1903 – 11 January 1944) was an Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Benito Mussolini s son in law. In early 1944 Count Ciano was shot by firing squad at …   Wikipedia

  • Ciano — Galeazzo Ciano Galeazzo Ciano …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CIANO (G.) — CIANO GALEAZZO, comte de Cortellazzo (1903 1944) Né le 18 mars 1903, à Livourne, Galeazzo Ciano est issu d’une famille de marins. Son père, Constanzo, héros de la Première Guerre mondiale, fut un fasciste de la première heure. Mussolini en fit… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ciano — (Galeazzo, comte de Cortellazzo) (1903 1944) homme politique italien. Gendre de Mussolini, ministre des Affaires étrangères (1936 1943), il vota en 1943 la destitution de Mussolini. Arrêté par les Allemands, il fut livré au gouvernement fasciste… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Galeazzo Ciano — Gian Galeazzo Ciano Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores 9 de junio de 1936 – 6 de febrero de 1943 Monarca Víctor Manuel III …   Wikipedia Español

  • Galeazzo Ciano — beim Münchener Abkommen 1938 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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